Updated: Aug 28, 2019
Hello Dear Readers! For this post, I wanted to write about a subject that is really close to my heart; architecture. Given that I live in an Arabic country, I decided to combine the two subject to create an article about the various aesthetic element that you would be more likely to find in the Islamic architecture.
First of all, I would like to start by giving a proper definition of '' aesthetic '', the concept has been studied in philosophy as well as in science. In philosophy, this idea is related to the notion of beauty and ugly, where the two of them are related but none dominant, meaning there is no such thing as a ''ugly '' aesthetic or a '' beautiful'' aesthetic. On the other side, in science, the concept is more concerned with the study of the mind and emotion and their link to the sense of beauty. In summary, the notion of Aesthetic depends from one subject to another and represent the expression of ourself. However, due to the impact that our environment has on our way of thinking, we can point out specific aesthetic from one region of the world to another.
We can easily affirm the influence of Islam on the norms of beauty in the Arabic architecture.
In terms of principles of architecture and the elaboration of the structures itself, we can note the involvement of ancient buildings in the achievement of the modern aesthetic found in the Islamic architecture nowadays. Achieved throughout the analysis of shapes, textures, and the comprehension of the visual aspect of those cambrics.
Proportion, balance and symmetry
Proportionality and balance have to be represented in the outside and inside of the building. As well as the symmetry on the facade of the structure.
Those elaborations are used to create a sense of serenity to the space, holy places are a great example of this purpose.
Repetition in the design, the windows, the arches, and domes are utilized to create a harmony of elements in the architecture.
Contrast and centrality
Contrast is present in the Arabic architecture, rhythmic units will be followed by a bigger or smaller one.
Centrality is used to emphasize an element such as the gate or the pools that are usually found t the center of the gardens.
Now that we talked about the architecture in term of the technicality, for the last part of this article, I would like to talk about the design elements choose to create the aesthetic in the Arabic architecture.
The Arabesque design
Those artistic ornaments are based on rhythmic linear patterns, geometric shapes, floral patterns interlaced with other elements in order to often symbolize infinite growth.
Engraved calligraphy are also very popular, verses from the Qur'an are written to reinforce the message in the believer.
Light is a prime component in the designing process, it adds dynamic to space by enhance the overall design.
Domes, minarets, arches and collumns
While some of those design such as the arches, domes are for an aesthetic purpose, columns are used to support the structure.
The minarets are towers from which the believer are called for the prayer throughout the day. Those elements are mostly found in mosques
Courtyards and source of water
Built in the center to connect the various part of the buildings, the courtyard is an essential feature since it also held the source of water( fountain or pool ) which have a purifying purpose in the Islamic religion but also a cooling goal in general.
Book: PRINCIPLES OF AESTHETICS IN ISLAMIC ARCHITECTURE by M. FOROOZANI